Orasema Simulatrix Gahan 1940


Orasema simulatrix Gahan, 1940

Zoobank LSID: urn:lsid:zoobank.org:act:29A3C74A-66D3-468E-8048-67AFAB7E7503
Classification: Order: Hymenoptera, Superfamily: Chalcidoidea, Family: Eucharitidae, Subfamily: Oraseminae
Host: Pheidole desertorum Wheeler, 1906 (Formicidae: Myrmicinae).
Intermediate host: none known
Plant associations: Chilopsis linearis (Cav.) Sweet (Bignoniaceae) in association with extrafloral nectaries (Carey et al., 2012)
Morphological identification:
(click on an image to see it larger)

Marginal setae absent
feature of: species

Postgena convergent
feature of: species group

axillular line ridged
feature of: species group

Molecular data: Genbank taxon 266183
18S ribosomal DNA: AY552283, JN623259
28S D2, D3 ribosomal DNA: AY552206
28S D4, D5 ribosomal DNA: JN624027
Cytochrome Oxidase subunit I: KC008181

Outside links:
Morphbank taxon 999013092
USNM Hym. Type No. 53556
Universal Chalcidoidea Database entry media


Carey, B., Visscher, K., & Heraty, J. (2012). Nectary use for gaining access to an ant host by the parasitoid Orasema simulatrix (Hymenoptera, Eucharitidae). Journal of Hymenoptera Research 27: 47-65.

Gahan, A.B. (1940). A contribution to the knowledge of the Eucharidae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea). Proceedings of the United States National Museum 88: 425-458.

Heraty, J., Hawks, D., Kostecki, J.S. and Carmichael, A. (2004). Phylogeny and behaviour of the Gollumiellinae, a new subfamily of the ant-parasitic Eucharitidae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea). Systematic Entomology 29(4): 544-559.

Munro, J. B., Heraty, J. M., Burks, R. A., Hawks, D., Mottern, J., Cruaud, A., Rasplus, J.-Y. & Jansta, P. (2011). A molecular phylogeny of the Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). PLoS One 6(11): e27023.

Murray, E. A., Carmichael, A. E., & Heraty, J. M. (2013). Ancient host shifts followed by host conservatism in a group of ant parasitoids. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 280(1759): 20130495.


Contributors to this page:
Judith Herreid (data), John M. Heraty (data, supervision), Roger A. Burks (design)


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